Namsate, welcome to Raaj Yoga, it is a traditional way of Indian Hatha Yoga, with asana, pranayama and meditation. A deep focus into each asana and deepen the knowledge of Yoga. I have introduce my own homepage. Please check, www.rishikeshyoga.org
Meaning: Auspiciousness (swasti) be unto all; peace (shanti) be unto all; fullness (poornam) be unto all; prosperity (mangalam) be unto all. May all be happy! (sukhinah) May all be free from disabilities! (niraamayaah) May all look (pashyantu)to the good of others! May none suffer from sorrow! (duhkha)
Om asato maa satgamaya
Tamaso maa jyotir gamaya
Mrityor maa amritam gamaya
Meaning: Lead us from the unreal to the Real From darkness to Light From death to Immortality
Om poornamadah poornamidam
Meaning: That (pure consciousness) is full (perfect); this (the manifest universe of matter; of names and forms being maya) is full. This fullness has been projected from that fullness. When this fullness merges in that fullness, all that remains is fullness. - Peace invocation -Isa Upanishad
Om sham no mitrah sham varunah sham no bhavatvaryamaa
Sham na indro brihaspatih sham no vishnururukramah
Meaning: May Mitra, Varuna and Aryama be good to us! May Indra and Brihaspati and Vishnu of great strides be good to us! Prostrations unto Brahman! (Supreme Reality). Prostrations to Thee, O Vayu! Thou art the visible Brahman. I shall proclaim Thee as the visible Brahman. I shall call Thee the just and the True. May He protect the teacher and me! May he protect the teacher! Om peace, peace, peace!
Om saha naavavatu sahanau bhunaktu
Saha veeryam karavaavahai
Tejasvi naavadheetamastu maa vidvishaavahai
Om shantih shantih shantih Meaning: May He protect us both (teacher and the taught)! May He cause us both to enjoy the bliss of Mukti (liberation)! May we both exert to discover the true meaning of the sacred scriptures! May our studies be fruitful! May we never quarrel with each other! Let there be threefold peace.
Namaste sate te jagat kaaranaaya
Namaste chite sarva lokaashrayaaya
Namo dvaita tattwaaya mukti pradaaya
Namo brahmane vyaapine shaashvataaya
Meaning: Salutations to that Being, the cause of the universe! Salutations to that Consciousness, the support of all the worlds! Salutations to that One Truth without a second, which gives liberation! Salutations to that pure, eternal Brahman who pervades all regions!
The word Yoga means union. It is the process of uniting the individual with the universal soul. So here Patanjali explains te complete meaning of Yoga in 2nd sutra of the Samadhi Pada-
Yogas chitta vrtti- nirodhah Yoga is restraining the activities of the mind. Yogah: yoga; chitta: consciousness; vrtti: activities, modifications; nirodhah: stopping,restrain
The sutra is composition of four words: yoga, chitta, vrtti & nirodhah. Chitta is derived from the basic idea of chit, which means, to see, to understand, to be aware. So Chitta means individual consciousness, which includes the conscious state, subconscious state & also unconscious state of the mind. It is, in a sense, the ground floor of the mind. In Vedanta philosophy, it is referred to as antahkarna, which means inner instrument. The antahkarna contains four main elements. The Manas, mind, engages in thinking, doubting & willing. The buddhi, intellect, & it performs the functions of discriminating & making decisions. The ahamkara, ego, which is self-arrogating & sees itself as separate from the source. Finally, there is subconscious, which serves as a storehouse of past experiences & memory, this is also called the chitta.
So we can see, the word chitta has several meanings, Patanjali uses chitta in a broader sense, as the vary foundation that makes up one,s mental appratus. The chitta may manifest in one of five forms at any given time. They are: 1.Kshipta, scattering, form is activity & tends to be experienced as pleasure & pain. 2.Mudha,darkening, dullness, the tendecy is to see & cause suffering,& to negate happiness. 3.Vikshipta, gathering, centering, the form functions when the mind struggles to draw itself to its center.Here there is the conscious effort to gather & focus them. 4.Ekagara, one pointed, concentrated; it is one pointed state, which finally leads to the ultimate state- 5.Nirudha, absolute suspension of activity.
Here again, chitta is like a lake on which rise & fall waves, which are comaparable to the thoughts. These thought waves are called vrittis.
A vritti is a mental modification, it is the difference between action & the absence of action in the mind. In the average person there are thousands of vrttis arising each minute in the mind.
Nirodhah is from the basic word rodha, which means an act of blocking To come to the final point- what is Yoga? The sutra replies that yoga is the blocking of the patterns arising in all the dimensions of consciousness. Hari om!